Dr.J.Somasundaram - BA (USA), MBBS (India), MDpsych (Sri Lanka), FRCPsych (UK), FRANZCP (Australia)

Consultant Psychiatrist

    Past Appointments

    Senior Professor 

    Gananesvaran T. , Somasundaram D.J. & Rajarajeswaran, R..(1982) Mentally Disordered referred by Courts in Northern  Sri Lanka, Jaffna Medical Journal,17,83-85.

    Somasundaram D.J., Yoganathan S., Ganeswaran T. & Mahadevan K. (1985) Psychosocial Profile of admission to Psychiatric In-patients in Northern Sri Lanka for 1983, Jaffna Medical Journal, 20, 79-89

    Somasundaram, D. .J. & Ganeshvaran T. (1986) Mental handicap in Northern Sri Lanka, Jaffna Medical Journal

    Somasundaram D.J., Yoganathan & Ganeshvaran T. (1993) Schizophrenia in Northern  Sri Lanka,   Ceylon Medical Journal, 38, 131- 135.

    Somasundaram D.J. & Sivayokan S. (1994) War Trauma in a Civilian Population. British Journal of Psychiatry, 165,524 -527.

    Somasundaram D.J. & Rajadurai (1995) War and Suicide. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 91, 1-4.

    Somasundaram D.J.(1996) Post Traumatic Response to Aerial Bombing, Social Science and Medicine, 42 (11) , 1465-1471.

    Somasundaram, J.,(2001)  War Trauma and Psychosocial Problems: Patient Attendees in Jaffna, International Medical Journal,  8 (3), 193-197.

    Somasundaram, D.J., Put, W. van de, Eisenbruch, M. Jong, Joop de (1999) Starting Mental Health Services in Cambodia. Social Science & Medicine, 48, 1029-1046.

    Somasundaram, D.J. (1997) Treatment of Massive Trauma due to War. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment ,3,321-331.

    Somasundaram, D.J. (1997) Abandoning Jaffna Hospital- Ethical and Moral Dilemmas.  Medicine, Conflict and Survival.  13, 333-347.

    Somasundaram, D , Renol, S. (1998)  The Psychological effects of landmines in Cambodia; Medicine, Conflict & Survival, 14, 216-36

    Somasundaram DJ, Put W van de. (1999) Putting mental health in perspective. Bulletin of the World Health Organization,77 (3), 275-277.

    de Jong JTVM, Komproe IH, van Ommeren M, El Masri M, Araya M, Khaled N, van de Put W, Somasundaram D. (2001) Lifetime events and posttraumatic stress disorder in 4 post conflict settings, Journal of American Medical Association,286:555-562.

    Somasundaram, D.J. (2001) Child Soldiers – Understanding the Context, British Medical Journal, 324: 1268-1271. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pubmed&pubmedid=12028985

    Gunaratnam, H.R.,Sinothaya, S., & Somasundaram, D.J.(2003) The Psychosocial Effects of Landmines in Jaffna, Medicine, Conflict & Survival, 19, 223-234.

    Somasundaram, D.J. (2002) Using traditional relaxation techniques in minor mental health disorders, International Medical Journal, 9 (3), 191-198.

    Van Der Veer, G., Somasundaram, D. & Damian, S. (2003) Counselling in areas of armed conflict: the case of Jaffna, Sri Lanka. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 31 (4), 417-430.

    Somasundaram, D. (2003) Addressing the psychosocial problems of women in a war ravaged society. Lines, February, 2003. http://www.lines-magazine.org/Art_Feb03/Daya.htm

    Somasundaram, D. (2003) Collective Trauma, International Journal of Mental Health, Psychosocial work and Counselling in Areas of armed Conflict, 1 (1), 4-13.

    Somasundaram, D.J. (2004) Short- and Long- Term Effects on the Victims of Terror in Sri Lanka. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 9 (1/2), 215-228.

    Somasundaram, D.J. (2006) Management of Trauma in Special Populations After a Disaster. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 67 (suppl 2), 64-73.

    Somasundaram D. (2006) The Tragedy of War (Commentary). World Psychiatry, 5 (1), 37-38.

    van der Veen, M. & Somasundaram, D. (2006) Responding to the psychological impact of the Tsunami in a war zone. Intervention, 4 (1), 53-57.

    Danvers, K., Sivayokan, S., Somasundaram, D. J. & Sivashankar, R. (2006) Ten months on: qualitative assessment of psychosocial issues in northern Sri Lanka following the tsunami. International Psychiatry, 3 (3), 5-8.

    Somasundaram, D. Thivakaran, T. & Bhugra, D. (2007) Possession States in Northern Sri Lanka. Psychopathology, 41, 245-253. DOI: 10.1159/000125558

    Somasundaram, D.J. (2007) Collective Trauma in Northern Sri Lanka: a Qualitative Psychosocial-Ecological Study. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 1:5. http://www.ijmhs.com/content/1/1/5

    Somasundaram, D., Hoole, R., & Somasundaram A. (2007) Push and pull factors affecting the retention of university students in a climate of civil war. Studies in Learning, Evaluation, Innovation and Development: Vol. 4, No. 2, Special Theme Issue – Recruitment, Retention and Placement: Progressing the Knowledge Economy, 65–77.  http://sleid.cqu.edu.au

    Somasundaram, D. (2008) Psycho-social aspects of torture in Sri Lanka. International Journal of Culture and Mental Health,1:1, 1-14, 10-23.

    Suresh Sundram, M.E. Karim, Lourdes Ladrido-Ignacio, Albert Maramis, Khalid A. Mufti D. Nagaraja , Naotaka Shinfuku , Daya Somasundaram, Pichet Udomratn, Zou Yizhuang, Ali Ahsan, Haroon Rashid Chaudhry, S. Chowdhury, Russell D’Souza , Zhou Dongfengm, A.H.M. Firoz, M.A. Hamid, Stephanus Indradjaya, Suresh Bada Math, Rahman A.H.M. Mustafizur, Farooq Naeem,M.A. Wahab (2008) Psychosocial responses to disaster: An Asian perspective.  Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 1 ,7–14.

    Krishnakumar, G., Sivayokan, S. & Somasundaram, D. (2008) Coordination of Psychosocial activities at the Jaffna District Level in Sri Lanka. Intervention, 6: 3/4, 270-274.

    Somasundaram, D. (2010) Parallel Governments -Living between terror and counter terror in northern Lanka (1982-2009). Journal of Asian and African Studies. 45: 568-583, doi:10.1177/0021909610373899; http://jas.sagepub.com/content/45/5/568.abstract

    Somasundaram, Daya(2010) Using cultural relaxation methods in post-trauma care among refugees in Australia, International Journal of Culture and Mental Health, 3: 1, 16 — 24

    Somasundaram, D. (2010) Using Traditional Relaxation Techniques in Health Care. Community Mental Health and Wellbeing Bulletin, 3: 1, 14-30.

    Somasundaram, D. (2010) Collective trauma in the Vanni- a qualitative inquiry into the mental health of the internally displaced due to the civil war in Sri Lanka, International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 4:22, http://www.ijmhs.com/content/4/1/22

    Somasundaram, D. (2010) Suicide Bombers of Sri Lanka. Asian Journal of Social Science, 38, 416–441.  DOI: 10.1163/156853110X499954

    Somasundaram, D. (2010) Ethnic Consciousness: The Case of Sri Lanka. Mcgill Foreign Affairs Review, II: 1, 59-66.

    Somasundaram, D. (2012) Management of Psychological consequences of Torture in Sri Lanka. Torture: Asian and Global Perspective, 1:2, 35-54 http://www.humanrights.asia/resources/journals-magazines/torture-asian-and-global-perspectives/issues/torturemag-vol01no02pdf

    Somasundaram, D. (2012) Cultural relaxation methods for minor mental health

    SL J Psychiatry ; 3 (2) 3-6

    Somasundaram D,& Sivayokan S (2013) Rebuilding community resilience in a post-war context: developing insight and recommendations – a qualitative study in Northern Sri Lanka. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 7:3 http://www.ijmhs.com/content/7/1/3/abstract

    Maercker, A., Brewin, C. R., Bryant, R. A., Cloitre, M., Reed, G. M., van Ommeren, M., Humayun, A., Jones, L., Kagee, A., Llosa, A. E., Rousseau, C., Somasundaram, D., Souza, R., Suzuki, Y., Weissbecker, I., Wessely, S., First, M. B. & Saxena, S. (2013). Proposals for mental disorders specifically associated with stress in the International Classification of Diseases-11. The Lancet, 381(9878), 1683-1685. Published online April 11, 2013 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)62191-6

    Maercker, A., Brewin, C. R., Bryant, R. A., Cloitre, M., van Ommeren, M., Jones, L., Humayun, A., Kagee, A., Llosa, A. E., Rousseau, C., Somasundaram, D., Souza, R., Suzuki, Y., Weissbecker, I., Wessely, S., First, M. B. & Reed, G. M. (2013). Diagnosis and classification of disorders specifically associated with stress: proposals for ICD‐ World Psychiatry, 12(3), 198-206.

    Somasundaram, D. (2013). “Recent Disasters in Sri Lanka: Lessons Learned.” The Psychiatric clinics of North America 36(3): 321-338.

    Puvimanasinghe, T., Denson, L.A., Augoustinos, M., & Somasundaram, D. (2015). Vicarious Resilience and Vicarious Traumatisation: Experiences of Working with Refugees and Asylum Seekers in South Australia. Transcultural Psychiatry. 03/2015; DOI:10.1177/1363461515577289   [published online]

    Puvimanasinghe, T., Denson, L.A., Augoustinos, M., & Somasundaram, D. (2014). Giving back to Society what Society gave us: Altruism, Coping and Meaning-making of two Refugee Communities living in South Australia. Australian Psychologist Volume 49, Issue 5, pages 313–321, DOI: 10.1111/ap.12065

    Puvimanasinghe, T., Denson, L.A., Augoustinos, M., & Somasundaram, D. (2014). Narrative and Silence: How former Refugees talk about Loss and Past Trauma. Journal of Refugee Studies 28 (1): 69-92. doi: 10.1093/jrs/feu019

    Somasundaram, D. (2014) Addressing collective trauma: conceptualisations and interventions. Intervention, Volume 12, Supplement 1, Page 43 – 60. 


    • Hoole M,R.R., Somasundaram D.J., Thiranagama R. & Sritharan K. (1990) Broken Palmyra: The Tamil Crisis in Sri Lanka: An Inside Account Sri Lanka Studies Institute, California, http://www.uthr.org/BP/Content.htm
    • Somasundaram D.J.(1997) Scarred Mind- The Psychological Impact of War on Sri Lankan Tamils, Sage Publications, New Delhi.
    • Somasundaram D.J., Kall, K., Put, Van de W., Eisenbruch, E. Thomassen, L. (1997) Community Mental Health in Cambodia. Ed. Joop de Jong, in English and Khmer, IPSER/TPO, Cambodia.
    • Somasundaram D.J. & Sovayokan, S. (2001) Mental Health in the Tamil Community, in English and Tamil, Shantiam/ TPO, Jaffna.
    • Sivayokan, S., Mahendran, K. & Somasundaram, D. (eds.) (2003) Child Mental Health,  In English, Tamil,  GTZ/Becare-Shantiam, Colombo.
    • Sivayokan, S., Mahendran, K. & Somasundaram, D. (eds.) ( 2005) Child Mental Health, Revised edition, In English, Tamil and Sinhalese, GTZ- Plan International, Colombo.
    • Mahendran, K. & Somasundaram, D. (eds.) (2003) Joyful living, In Tamil, English & Sinhalese, GTZ/Becare-Shantiam, Trincomalee. In Press
    • Somasundaram, D. J., Mahendran, K. & Gadmapanathan, T. (2005) We are little children. In Tamil, Sinhalese & English. Sri Lanka Red Cross, Colombo.
    • Van de Put, W.A.C.M., Somasundaram, D., Eisenbruch, I.M., Kall, K. Soomers, R., & Thomassen, L. (1997) Facts and thoughts on the first years 1995-1995. Phnom Penh, Cambodia: Transcultural Psychosocial Organization.
    • Somasundaram (2014) Scarred Communities- Collective trauma, Psychosocial Impact of Disasters on Sri Lankan Communities. SAGE Publications, New Delhi.